A theme that has gained notoriety in recent years is sexual identity . It has already been a topic of discussion in the government, on TV, as well as being a banner of several minority groups. The truth is that the subject still suffers a great deal of resistance on the part of society, whether due to ignorance or even personal convictions. But it is there to be debated and we need to start to understand a little more about this whole issue. However, do you know what gender identity is? The topic is quite broad, but today I brought information that can help you understand a little more about the subject. Come on?
We will cover the following topics:
- What is gender identity?
- Biological sex x gender
- Types of gender identity
- Gender Dysphoria or Gender Identity Disorder
- Gender identity on TV and film
- Above all, respect
What is gender identity?
Gender identity is a person’s concept of himself as a sexual being and the feelings that this entails; it relates to the way you live and feel your body from personal experience and how it takes it to the public, that is, to other people. It is the individual and internal way of living the gender, which may or may not correspond to the sex they were born. It is the intimate perception that a person has of himself as being male, female or some combination of the two, regardless of biological sex. We can say that it is the feeling that the person has about himself, how he describes himself and wants to be recognized.
The issue of gender identity disarms the binomial view of sex, that is, that gender is restricted to women and men only, in order to accept other types of sexual identity, such as lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgenders.
Biological sex x gender
To better understand the issue of gender identity, it is necessary to understand some concepts about gender, biological sex and sexual orientation.
Biological sex refers to biological differences between men and women. It is the sum of elements such as chromosomes, sexual organs, glands, morphology, sex hormones, that is, everything that distinguishes male and female.
Biological sex manifests itself in three ways:
- Female: Person born with XX chromosomes and female reproductive system (female ovary and genital)
- Male Gender: A person who was born with the XY chromosomes and has a male reproductive system.
- Intersexual: Formerly known as hermaphrodite, it is a combination of both sexes. It is a natural condition where a person has a discrepancy between his chromosomal sex (XX / XY) and his genitals (ovaries and testicles), presenting characteristics of both sexes.
Sexual orientation is an affective and / or sexual attraction that a person manifests in relation to another, to whom their desire is involuntarily directed. The most well-known sexual orientations are:
- Heterosexual: Person who feels physical, emotional and sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex / gender;
- Homosexual: Person who feels physical, emotional and sexual attraction to people of the same sex. They are gays and lesbians;
- Bisexual: People who feel physical, emotional and sexual attraction to people of both sexes.
While sex is biological, gender is social. It goes beyond sex. In that case, it doesn’t matter the chromosomes or the genitals, but self-perception and the way the person expresses himself socially. Biology divides humans between male and female, however, the way of being male and female is expressed by culture. We can say that men and women are products of social reality and not the direct result of the anatomy of their bodies.
You know that old story “girls like roses and boys like blue”? Or “girl has to play with doll and boy has to play with stroller”? This is what we call the gender role, that is, it is the determined social and cultural behavior that is expected of men and women. These behaviors are not natural, that is, they are not born with the person, so it varies according to the place and customs of society. This means that being female or male has much more to do with culture than biology.